Conservación para superar el olvido. Nuevos métodos para la supervivencia de la memoria del patrimonio perdido

  • María José Merchán School of Industrial Engineering of the University de Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain
  • Emiliano Perez Hernandez Universidad de Extremadura
Palabras clave: conservación, patrimonio cultural, modelado 3D, realidad aumentada/realidad virtual

Resumen

A veces sucede que, desafortunadamente, los edificios históricos desenterrados durante la construcción de nuevas infraestructuras no pueden conservarse adecuadamente una vez excavados. Ante la eterna duda, mantenerlos o cubrirlos, el aspecto económico muy a menudo tiene prioridad. Por suerte, cuando la decisión es ocultarlo nuevamente, la tecnología ofrece la posibilidad de adquirir, modelar y almacenar los datos 3D de los restos para su posterior visualización de forma muy realista. De esta manera, el recuerdo de estos restos destinados a ser olvidados sobrevive más allá de los archivos de los profesionales que los documentaron. En este documento, las oportunidades que se abren gracias a la Realidad Aumentada y la Realidad Virtual aplicadas a la preservación y difusión de aquellos restos que deben ser enterrados de nuevo y que, incluso, llegan a perderse, se explicarán a través del hallazgo que se produjo en los trabajos realizados para renovar una antigua carretera en Fuente del Maestre (España).

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Biografía del autor/a

María José Merchán , School of Industrial Engineering of the University de Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain

Works as a researcher at the School of Industrial Engineering of the University de Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain. She works on the application of technologies for problem-solving in the field of Cultural Heritage. She collaborates with the National Museum of Roman Art and has taken part in several national and international R & D projects. She has generated more than 20 technical contributions on prestigious journals and conferences.

Emiliano Perez Hernandez, Universidad de Extremadura

Is an Associate Lecturer at the School of Industrial Engineering of the University de Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain. He has worked as researcher in 5 R&D projects and has made more than 20 contributions in conferences and journals. He focuses his research on 3D Computer Vision and Virtual Reality: pattern recognition, modelling, representation and reconstruction of 3D objects, 3D sensors applied on cultural heritage, virtual simulation.

Citas

AICARDI, I., CHIABRANDO, F., LINGUA, A.M., NOARDO, F. (2018). Recent trends in cultural heritage 3D survey: The photogrammetric computer vision approach, Journal of Cultural Heritage, 32(1): 257–266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2017.11.006

ANDREU, J., SERRANO, P. (2019). “Contributions of the digital photogrammetry and 3D modelling of Roman inscriptions to the reading of damaged tituli: An example from the Hispania Tarraconensis (Castiliscar, Saragossa)”, Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, 12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.daach.2019.e00091

ARGYRIOU, L., ECONOMOU, D., BOUKI, V. (2020). “Design methodology for 360 degrees immersive video applications: the case study of a cultural heritage virtual tour”, Personal and Ubiquitous Computing. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00779-020-01373-8

AZUMA, R.T. (1997). “A Survey of Augmented Reality”, Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 6 (4): 355–385.

BEKELE, M. K., PIERDICCA, R., FRONTONI, E., MALINVERNI, E. S., GAIN, J. (2018). “A Survey of Augmented, Virtual, and Mixed Reality for Cultural Heritage”, Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage, 11 (2): 1–36. https://doi.org/10.1145/3145534

CASTRIOTA, B. (2019). “Authenticity, Identity, and Essentialism: Reframing Conservation Practice”. In: What is the essence of conservation? Materials for a discussion. F. Mairesse & R. F. Peters (Eds.). ICOFOM: París: 39-48.

COZZANI, G., POZZI, F., DAGNINO, F.M., KATOS, A.V., KATSOULI, E.F. (2017). “Innovative technologies for intangible cultural heritage education and preservation: the case of i-Treasures”, Personal and Ubiquitous Computing 21(2): 253-265. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00779-016-0991-z

DESVALLÉES, A., MAIRESSE, F. (Eds.) (2010). Key concepts of museology. Armand Colin: París.

HÖLLING, H. (2017). “The technique of conservation: on realms of theory and cultures of practice, Journal of the Institute of Conservation, 40 (2): 87-96.

ICOMOS (1994). The Nara document on authenticity.

ICOMOS (2004). International Charters for Conservation and Restoration. Monuments and sites I. ICOMOS: München.

MAH, O. B. P., YAN, Y., TAN, J. S. Y., TAN, Y-X., TAY, G. Q. Y., CHIAM, D. J., WANG, Y-C., DEAN, K., FENG, C.-C. (2019). “Generating a virtual tour for the preservation of the (in)tangible cultural heritage of Tampines Chinese Temple in Singapore”, Journal of Cultural Heritage, 39: 202-211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2019.04.004

MERCHÁN, M.J.; MERCHÁN, P.; SALAMANCA, S.; PÉREZ, E.; NOGALES, T. (2019). “Digital fabrication of cultural heritage artwork replicas. In the search for resilience and socio-cultural commitment”, Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, 15: e00125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.daach.2019.e00125

NIQUET, N.D., MAS-BARBERÀ, X. (2018). “El registro 3D como medio para el análisis y difusión del patrimonio escultórico. El caso de la escultura en cera del Écorché”, Ge-conservación, 13: 5-16. https://doi.org/10.37558/gec.v13i0.551

NJEREKAI, C. (2019). “An application of the virtual reality 360 degrees concept to the Great Zimbabwe monument”, Journal of Heritage Tourism. https://doi.org/10.1080/1743873X.2019.1696808

PASCUAL, J. (1999). “Fuente del Maestre: Dos mil años de historia”. En: Fuente del Maestre. 100 años de ciudad, 2000 años de historia. Pascual, J. (coord.). Excmo. Ayto. Fuente del Maestre: 13-53.

PÉREZ, E., SALAMANCA, S., MERCHÁN, P., ADÁN, A., CERRADA, C., CAMBERO, I. (2008). “A Robust Method for Filling Holes in 3D Meshes Based on Image Restoration”. In: Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems, 10th International Conference, ACIVS 2008, Bourennane, S. et al. (Eds.). Springer: 742-751. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-88458-3_67

PÉREZ, E., MERCHÁN, M.J., MORENO-RABEL, M.D., MERCHÁN, P., SALAMANCA, S. (2018). “Touring the Forum Adiectum of Augusta Emerita in a virtual reality experience”. In: Digital Heritage. Progress in Cultural Heritage: Documentation, Preservation, and Protection, Ioannides, M. et al. (Eds.). Springer: 548-559.

PEREZ, E, MERCHÁN, M.J., SALAMANCA, S. AND MERCHÁN, P. (2019). “Virtual reality to allow wheelchair users touring complex archaeological sites in a realistic manner. Towards their actual social integration”, International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, XLII-2/W9: 597-604. https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-2-W9-597-2019

RUIZ BAZÁN, I., VITA, G.E.E. (2017). “The utility of the application of new three-dimensional technologies for the study and dissemination of heritage from a historical technical perspective: case studies”, Ge-conservación, 11: 208-203. https://doi.org/10.37558/gec.v11i0.480

RUIZ TORRES, D. (2017). El uso de tecnologías digitales en la conservación, análisis y difusión del patrimonio cultural. Acción Cultural Española (AC/E).

SÁNCHEZ-APARICIO, L. J., MORENO-BLANCO, R., MARTÍN-JIMÉNEZ, J. A., RODRÍGUEZ-GONZÁLVEZ, P., MUÑOZ-NIETO, A. L., AND GONZÁLEZ-AGUILERA, D. (2019). “Smartwall: A new web-based platform for the valorization of the medieval wall of Ávila”, Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-2/W15: 1055–1062. https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-2-W15-1055-2019

SÁNCHEZ GONZÁLEZ, L.M. (2019). “A high-roman-empire alpharera industry between Villafranca de los Barros and la Fuente del Maestre”, El Hinojal, Revista de Estudios del Muvi, 12: 8-21.

TAIT, E., LAING, R., GRINNALL, A., BURNETT, S., ISAACS, J. (2016). “(Re)presenting heritage: laser scanning and 3D visualisations for cultural resilience and community engagement”, Journal of Information Science, 42(3): 420–433. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165551516636306

TUCCI, G, BONORA, V, CONTI, A, FIORINI, L. (2017). “High-quality 3D models and their use in a cultural heritage conservation project”, The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Volume XLII-2/W5: 687-693. https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-2-W5-687-2017

ZHOU, M., GENG, G., WU, Z. (2012). Digital Preservation Technology for Cultural Heritage. Springer.

Publicado
2020-06-25
Cómo citar
Merchán , M. J., & Perez Hernandez, E. (2020). Conservación para superar el olvido. Nuevos métodos para la supervivencia de la memoria del patrimonio perdido. Ge-Conservacion, 17(1), 160-170. https://doi.org/10.37558/gec.v17i1.753
Sección
Suplemento